API authentication is a simple yet effective action you can take to prevent any hacks or breaches to your accounts. API authentication is a technique that was invented to overcome the weaknesses of shared credentials. The API authentication key is usually a long series of numbers and letters that is included in a request header or request URL. When the user wants to authenticate their API key, the server stamps their identity and allows the user to access their data.
API Authentication makes a user’s account more secure by adding that additional layer of authentication. Thus, making it harder for cybercriminals to access a user’s private information.
Increased User Trust
A website that uses API authentication, creates a sense of security for users and wins their trust. Users feel better knowing that their personal information is protected even if they have to go through an extra verification process.
Reduced Operating Costs
Using API Authentication prevents you from incurring additional costs accrued when your customers’ data is at risk. As a website owner, someone has to be accountable for their losses as some users won’t hesitate to file for a legal suit when they notice a data exposure or breach.
The dynamic of API authentication can differ, depending on the method you choose. The most common form of authentication is to send or receive an API key which consists of a long series of letters or numbers.
This code of numbers calls programs from a different application; the key then recognizes the code, its developer, the end-user, and the application where the API call is made from. When the client authenticates the API key, the server recognizes their identity and lets them access data with ease.
API keys were made as a fix for early issues with HTTP basic authentication and other comparable systems. API keys have unique identifiers for users each time they try to authenticate. It’s perfectly suitable for applications that have several users seeking access.
A uniquely generated code or token is allocated to each first-time user to signify that the user is known. If they want to log in again, they use that code for verification.
OAuth with OpenID
This method of API authentication isn’t solely for authentication in its default state. It’s a combination of both authorization and authentication.
OAuth with Open ID provides authorization services to decide which users have entrance to various corporate information. When this is used solely for authentication, it’s called pseudo-authentication simply because it is not designed for that purpose.
When you combine OAuth and OpenID, it offers stronger authentication and authorization. Implementing both commands confirms that users and devices are using a third-party authentication process. The combination of OAuth and OpenID is one of the most reliable authentication/authorization options available on the market today.
When selecting the authentication method that is best for a particular API, it comes down to the level of security that is required to validate clients versus the ease of implementation and maintenance. HTTP Basic Authentication is easy to implement, but also is more vulnerable to account compromise since the password is not encrypted.
OAuth Authentication offers security scalability and the best user experience. However, it’s more work for developers and API providers to implement and maintain. Realistically, all the user needs to do is click on a button, but the real benefit is that the user can utilize an existing account and the app developers can leverage an existing authentication mechanism, which is less work than creating one on their own.
Another tool that compliments OAuth is OpenID. This works as an identity layer you can deploy on top of the protocol so the API can verify a clients identity and profile via authentication performed by the authorization server.
This combination of OAuth and OpenID, allows you to benefit from a stronger security posture. It contains a system that natively supports strong authorization in addition to embedded authentication methods which decreases the cost of implementation over the long run.